Use this documentation with care! It describes the outdated version 7, which was actively developed around 2014 and is considered dead by the rsyslog team.

This documentation reflects the latest update of the v7-stable branch. It describes the 7.6.8 version, which was never released. As such, it contains some content that does not apply to any released version.

To obtain the doc that properly matches your installed v7 version, obtain the doc set from your distro. Each version of rsyslog contained the version that exactly matches it.

As general advise, it is strongly suggested to upgrade to the current version supported by the rsyslog project. The current version can always be found on the right-hand side info box on the rsyslog web site.

Note that there is only limited rsyslog community support available for the outdated v7 version (officially we do not support it at all, but we usually are able to answer simple questions). If you need to stick with v7, it probably is best to ask your distribution for support.

impstats: Generate Periodic Statistics of Internal Counters

Author:Rainer Gerhards <rgerhards@adiscon.com>

This module provides periodic output of rsyslog internal counters.

The set of available counters will be output as a set of syslog messages. This output is periodic, with the interval being configurable (default is 5 minutes). Be sure that your configuration records the counter messages (default is syslog.=info). Besides logging to the regular syslog stream, the module can also be configured to write statistics data into a (local) file.

When logging to the regular syslog stream, impstats records are emitted just like regular log messages. As such, counters increase when processing these messages. This must be taken into consideration when testing and troubleshooting.

Note that loading this module has some impact on rsyslog performance. Depending on settings, this impact may be noticable for high-load environments, but in general the overhead is pretty light.

Note that there is a rsyslog statistics online analyzer available. It can be given a impstats-generated file and will return problems it detects. Note that the analyzer cannot replace a human in getting things right, but it is expected to be a good aid in starting to understand and gain information from the pstats logs.

The rsyslog website has an overview of available rsyslog statistic counters. When browsing this page, please be sure to take note of which rsyslog version is required to provide a specific counter. Counters are continously being added, and older versions do not support everything.

Configuration Directives

The configuration directives for this module are designed for tailoring the method and process for outputting the rsyslog statistics to file.

Module Confguration Parameters

This module supports module parameters, only.

interval [seconds]

Default 300 [5minutes]

Sets the interval, in seconds at which messages are generated. Please note that the actual interval may be a bit longer. We do not try to be precise and so the interval is actually a sleep period which is entered after generating all messages. So the actual interval is what is configured here plus the actual time required to generate messages. In general, the difference should not really matter.

facility [facility number]

The numerical syslog facility code to be used for generated messages. Default is 5 (syslog). This is useful for filtering messages.

severity [severity number]

The numerical syslog severity code to be used for generated messages. Default is 6 (info).This is useful for filtering messages.

resetCounters off/on

Defaults to off

When set to “on”, counters are automatically reset after they are emitted. In that case, the contain only deltas to the last value emitted. When set to “off”, counters always accumulate their values. Note that in auto-reset mode not all counters can be reset. Some counters (like queue size) are directly obtained from internal object and cannot be modified. Also, auto-resetting introduces some additional slight inaccuracies due to the multi-threaded nature of rsyslog and the fact that for performance reasons it cannot serialize access to counter variables. As an alternative to auto-reset mode, you can use rsyslog’s statistics manipulation scripts to create delta values from the regular statistic logs. This is the suggested method if deltas are not necessarily needed in real-time.

format json/cee/legacy

Defaults to legacy

Specifies the format of emitted stats messages. The default of “legacy” is compatible with pre v6-rsyslog. The other options provide support for structured formats (note the “cee” is actually “project lumberack” logging).

log.syslog on/off

Defaults to on

This is a boolean setting specifying if data should be sent to the usual syslog stream. This is useful if custom formatting or more elaborate processing is desired. However, output is placed under the same restrictions as regular syslog data, especially in regard to the queue position (stats data may sit for an extended period of time in queues if they are full).

log.file [file name]

If specified, statistics data is written the specified file. For robustness, this should be a local file. The file format cannot be customized, it consists of a date header, followed by a colon, followed by the actual statistics record, all on one line. Only very limited error handling is done, so if things go wrong stats records will probably be lost. Logging to file an be a useful alternative if for some reasons (e.g. full queues) the regular syslog stream method shall not be used solely. Note that turning on file logging does NOT turn off syslog logging. If that is desired log.syslog=”off” must be explicitely set.

Ruleset [ruleset]

Binds the listener to a specific ruleset.

Legacy Configuration Directives

A limited set of parameters can also be set via the legacy configuration syntax. Note that this is intended as an upward compatibilit layer, so newer features are intentionally not available via legacy directives.

  • $PStatInterval <Seconds> - same as the “interval” parameter.
  • $PStatFacility <numerical facility> - same as the “facility” parameter.
  • $PStatSeverity <numerical severity> - same as the “severity” parameter.
  • $PStatJSON <on/off> (rsyslog v6.3.8+ only) If set to on, stats messages are emitted as structured cee-enhanced syslog. If set to off, legacy format is used (which is compatible with pre v6-rsyslog).

Caveats/Known Bugs

  • This module MUST be loaded right at the top of rsyslog.conf, otherwise stats may not get turned on in all places.

Example

This activates the module and records messages to /var/log/rsyslog-stats in 10 minute intervals:

module(load="impstats"
       interval="600"
       severity="7")

# to actually gather the data:
syslog.=debug /var/log/rsyslog-stats

In the next sample, the default interval of 5 minutes is used. However, this time stats data is NOT emitted to the syslog stream but to a local file instead.

module(load="impstats"
       interval="600"
       severity="7"
       log.syslog="off"
       /\* need to turn log stream logging off! \*/
       log.file="/path/to/local/stats.log")

And finally, we log to both the regular syslog log stream as well as a file. Within the log stream, we forward the data records to another server:

module(load="impstats"
       interval="600"
       severity="7"
        log.file="/path/to/local/stats.log")

syslog.=debug @central.example.net

Legacy Sample

This activates the module and records messages to /var/log/rsyslog-stats in 10 minute intervals:

$ModLoad impstats
$PStatInterval 600
$PStatSeverity 7
syslog.=debug /var/log/rsyslog-stats