Use this documentation with care! It describes the outdated version 7, which was actively developed around 2014 and is considered dead by the rsyslog team.

This documentation reflects the latest update of the v7-stable branch. It describes the 7.6.8 version, which was never released. As such, it contains some content that does not apply to any released version.

To obtain the doc that properly matches your installed v7 version, obtain the doc set from your distro. Each version of rsyslog contained the version that exactly matches it.

As general advise, it is strongly suggested to upgrade to the current version supported by the rsyslog project. The current version can always be found on the right-hand side info box on the rsyslog web site.

Note that there is only limited rsyslog community support available for the outdated v7 version (officially we do not support it at all, but we usually are able to answer simple questions). If you need to stick with v7, it probably is best to ask your distribution for support.

Compatibility Notes for rsyslog v6

This document describes things to keep in mind when moving from v5 to v6. It does not list enhancements nor does it talk about compatibility concerns introduced by earlier versions (for this, see their respective compatibility documents). Its focus is primarily on what you need to know if you used a previous version and want to use the current one without hassle.

Version 6 offers a better config language and some other improvements. As the config system has many ties into the rsyslog engine AND all plugins, the changes are somewhat intrusive. Note, however, that core processing has not been changed much in v6 and will not. So once the configuration is loaded, the stability of v6 is quite comparable to v5.

Property “pri-text”

Traditionally, this property did not only return the textual form of the pri (“local0.err”), but also appended the numerical value to it (“local0.err<133>”). This sounds odd and was left unnoticed for some years. In October 2011, this odd behaviour was brought up on the rsyslog mailing list by Gregory K. Ruiz-Ade. Code review showed that the behaviour was intentional, but no trace of what the intention was when it was introduced could be found. The documentation was also unclear, it said no numerical value was present, but the samples had it. We agreed that the additional numerical value is of disadvantage. We also guessed that this property is very rarely being used, otherwise the problem should have been raised much earlier. However, we didn’t want to change behaviour in older builds. So v6 was set to clean up the situation. In v6, text-pri will always return the textual part only (“local0.err”) and the numerical value will not be contained any longer inside the string. If you actually need that value, it can fairly easily be added via the template system. If you have used this property previously and relied on the numerical part, you need to update your rsyslog configuration files.

Plugin ABI

The plugin interface has considerably been changed to support the new config language. All plugins need to be upgraded. This usually does not require much coding. However, if the new config language shall be supported, more changes must be made to plugin code. All project-supported plugins have been upgraded, so this compatibility issue is only of interest for you if you have custom plugins or use some user-contributed plugins from the rsyslog project that are not maintained by the project itself (omoracle is an example). Please expect some further plugin instablity during the initial v6 releases.

RainerScript based rsyslog.conf

A better config format was the main release target for rsyslog v6. It comes in the flavor of so-called RainerScript (why the name RainerScript?) RainerScript supports legacy syslog.conf format, much as you know it from other syslogds (like sysklogd or the BSD syslogd) as well as previous versions of rsyslog. Initial work on RainerScript began in v4, and the if-construct was already supported in v4 and v5. Version 6 has now taken this further. After long discussions we decided to use the legacy format as a basis, and lightly extend it by native RainerScript constructs. The main goal was to make sure that previous knowledge and config systems could still be used while offering a much more intuitive and powerful way of configuring rsyslog.

RainerScript has been implemented from scratch and with new tools (flex/bison, for those in the know). Starting with 6.3.3, this new config file processor replaces the legacy one. Note that the new processor handles all formats, extended RainerScript as well as legacy syslog.conf format. There are some legacy construct that were especially hard to translate. You’ll read about them in other parts of this document (especially outchannels, which require a format change).

In v6, all legacy formats are supported. In the long term, we may remove some of the ugly rsyslog-specific constructs. Good candidates are all configuration commands starting with a dollar sign, like “$ActionFileDefaultTemplate”). However, this will not be the case before rsyslog v7 or (much more likely) v8/9. Right now, you also need to use these commands, because not all have already been converted to the new RainerScript format.

In 6.3.3, the new parser is used, but almost none of the extended RainerScript capabilities are available. They will incrementally be introduced with the following releases. Note that for some features (most importantly if-then-else nested blocks), the v6 core engine is not capable enough. It is our aim to provide a much better config language to as many rsyslog users as quickly as possible. As such, we refrain from doing big engine changes in v6. This in turn means we cannot introduce some features into RainerScript that we really want to see. These features will come up with rsyslog v7, which will have even better flow control capabilities inside the core engine. Note that v7 will fully support v6 RainerScript. Let us also say that the v6 version is not a low-end quick hack: it offers full-fledged syslog message processing control, capable of doing the best you can find inside the industry. We just say that v7 will come up with even more advanced capabilites.

Please note that we tried hard to make the RainerScript parser compatible with all legacy config files. However, we may have failed in one case or another. So if you experience problems during config processing, chances are there may be a problem on the rsyslog side. In that case, please let us know.

Please see the blog post about rsyslog 6.3.3 config format for details of what is currently supported.

compatibility mode

Compatibility mode (specified via -c option) has been removed. This was a migration aid from sysklogd and very early versions of rsyslog. As all major distros now have rsyslog as their default, and thus ship rsyslog-compliant config files, there is no longer a need for compatibility mode. Removing it provides easier to maintain code. Also, practice has shown that many users were confused by compatibility mode (and even some package maintainers got it wrong). So this not only cleans up the code but rather removes a frequent source of error.

It must be noted, though, that this means rsyslog is no longer a 100% drop-in replacement for sysklogd. If you convert an extremely old system, you need to checks its config and probably need to apply some very mild changes to the config file.

abort on config errors

Previous versions accepted some malformedness inside the config file without aborting. This could lead to some uncertainty about which configuration was actually running. In v6 there are some situations where config file errors can not be ignored. In these cases rsyslog emits error messages to stderr, and then exists with a non-zero exit code. It is important to check for those cases as this means log data is potentially lost. Please note that the root problem is the same for earlier versions as well. With them, it was just harder to spot why things went wrong (and if at all).

Default Batch Sizes

Due to their positive effect on performance and comparatively low overhead, default batch sizes have been increased. Starting with 6.3.4, the action queues have a default batch size of 128 messages.

Default action queue enqueue timeout

This timeout previously was 2 seconds, and has been reduced to 50ms (starting with 6.5.0). This change was made as a long timeout will caused delays in the associated main queue, something that was quite unexpected to users. Now, this can still happen, but the effect is much less harsh (but still considerable on a busy system). Also, 50ms should be fairly enough for most output sources, except when they are really broken (like network disconnect). If they are really broken, even a 2second timeout does not help, so we hopefully get the best of both worlds with the new timeout. A specific timeout can of course still be configured, it is just the timeout that changed.

outchannels

Outchannels are a to-be-removed feature of rsyslog, at least as far as the config syntax is concerned. Nevertheless, v6 still supports it, but a new syntax is required for the action. Let’s assume your outchannel is named “channel”. The previous syntax was

*.* $channel

This was deprecated in v5 and no longer works in v6. Instead, you need to specify

*.* :omfile:$channel

Note that this syntax is available starting with rsyslog v4. It is important to keep on your mind that future versions of rsyslog will require different syntax and/or drop outchannel support completely. So if at all possible, avoid using this feature. If you must use it, be prepared for future changes and watch announcements very carefully.

ompipe default template

Starting with 6.5.0, ompipe does no longer use the omfile default template. Instead, the default template must be set via the module load statement. An example is

module(load="builtin:ompipe" template="myDefaultTemplate")

For obvious reasons, the default template must be defined somewhere in the config file, otherwise errors will happen during the config load phase.

omusrmsg

The omusrmsg module is used to send messages to users. In legacy-legacy config format (that is the very old sysklogd style), it was suffucient to use just the user name to call this action, like in this example:

*.* rgerhards

This format is very ambigious and causes headache (see blog post on omusrmsg for details). Thus the format has been superseded by this syntax (which is legacy format ;-)):

*.* :omusrmsg:rgerhards

That syntax is supported since later subversions of version 4.

Rsyslog v6 still supports the legacy-legacy format, but in a very strict sense. For example, if multiple users or templates are given, no spaces must be included in the action line. For example, this works up to v5, but no longer in v6:

*.* rgerhards, bgerhards

To fix it in a way that is compatible with pre-v4, use (note the removed space!):

*.* rgerhards,bgerhards

Of course, it probably is better to understand in native v6 format:

*.* action(type="omusrmsg" users="rgerhards, bgerhards")

As you see, here you may include spaces between user names.

In the long term, legacy-legacy format will most probably totally disappear, so it is a wise decision to change config files at least to the legacy format (with “:omusrmsg:” in front of the name).

Escape Sequences in Script-Based Filters

In v5, escape sequences were very simplistic. Inside a string, “x” meant “x” with x being any character. This has been changed so that the usual set of escapes is supported, must importantly “n”, “t”, “xhh” (with hh being hex digits) and “ooo” with (o being octal digits). So if one of these sequences was used previously, results are obviously different. However, that should not create any real problems, because it is hard to envision why someone should have done that (why write “n” when you can also write “n”?).