imjournal: Systemd Journal Input ModuleΒΆ

Module Name: imjournal

Author: Milan Bartos <mbartos@redhat.com> (This module is not project-supported)

Available since: 7.3.11

Description:

Provides the ability to import structured log messages from systemd journal to syslog.

Note that this module reads the journal database, what is considered a relativly performance-intense operation. As such, the performance of a configuration utilizing this module may be notably slower than when using imuxsock. The journal provides imuxsock with a copy of all “classical” syslog messages, however, it does not provide structured data. Only if that structured data is needed, imjournal must be used. Otherwise, imjournal may simply be replaced by imuxsock, and we highly suggest doing so.

We suggest to check out our short presentation on rsyslog journal integration to learn more details of anticipated use cases.

Warning: Some versions of systemd journal have problems with database corruption, which leads to the journal to return the same data endlessly in a tight loop. This results in massive message duplication inside rsyslog probably resulting in a denial-of-service when the system ressouces get exhausted. This can be somewhat mitigated by using proper rate-limiters, but even then there are spikes of old data which are endlessly repeated. By default, ratelimiting is activated and permits to process 20,000 messages within 10 minutes, what should be well enough for most use cases. If insufficient, use the parameters described below to adjust the permitted volume. It is strongly recommended to use this plugin only if there is hard need to do so.

Configuration Directives:

Module Directives

  • PersistStateInterval number-of-messages

    This is a global setting. It specifies how often should the journal state be persisted. The persists happens after each number-of-messages. This option is useful for rsyslog to start reding from the last journal message it read.

  • StateFile /path/to/file

    This is a global setting. It specifies where the state file for persisting journal state is located. If a full path name is given (starting with “/”), that path is used. Otherwise the given name is created inside the working directory.

  • ratelimit.interval seconds (default: 600)

    Specifies the interval in seconds onto which rate-limiting is to be applied. If more than ratelimit.burst messages are read during that interval, further messages up to the end of the interval are discarded. The number of messages discarded is emitted at the end of the interval (if there were any discards). Setting this to value zero turns off ratelimiting. Note that it is not recommended to turn of ratelimiting, except that you know for sure journal database entries will never be corrupted. Without ratelimiting, a corrupted systemd journal database may cause a kind of denial of service (we are stressing this point as multiple users have reported us such problems with the journal database - information current as of June 2013).

  • ratelimit.burst messages (default: 20000)

    Specifies the maximum number of messages that can be emitted within the ratelimit.interval interval. For futher information, see description there.

  • IgnorePreviousMessages [off/on]

    This option specifies whether imjournal should ignore messages currently in journal and read only new messages. This option is only used when there is no StateFile to avoid message loss.

  • DefaultSeverity <severity>

    Some messages comming from journald don’t have the SYSLOG_PRIORITY field. These are typically the messages logged through journald’s native API. This option specifies the default severity for these messages. Can be given either as a name or a number. Defaults to ‘notice’.

  • DefaultFacility <facility>

    Some messages comming from journald don’t have the SYSLOG_FACILITY field. These are typically the messages logged through journald’s native API. This option specifies the default facility for these messages. Can be given either as a name or a number. Defaults to ‘user’.

  • usepidfromsystem [off/on]

    Retrieves the trusted systemd parameter, _PID, instead of the user systemd parameter, SYSLOG_PID, which is the default. This option override the “usepid” option. This is now deprecated. It is better to use usepid=”syslog” instead.

  • usepid [both/syslog/system] Sets the PID source from journal.

    syslog

    imjournal retrieves SYSLOG_PID from journal as PID number.

    system

    imjournal retrieves _PID from journal as PID number.

    both

    imjournal trying to retrieve SYSLOG_PID first. When it is not available, it is also trying to retrive _PID. When none of them is available, message is parsed without PID number.

  • IgnoreNonValidStatefile [on/off]

    When a corrupted statefile is read imjournal ignores the statefile and continues with logging from the beginning of the journal (from its end if IgnorePreviousMessages is on). After PersistStateInterval or when rsyslog is stopped invalid statefile is overwritten with a new valid cursor.

Caveats/Known Bugs:

  • As stated above, a corrupted systemd journal database can cause major problems, depending on what the corruption results in. This is beyond the control of the rsyslog team.
  • imjournal does not check if messages received actually originated from rsyslog itself (via omjournal or other means). Depending on configuration, this can also lead to a loop. With imuxsock, this problem does not exist.

Build Requirements:

Development headers for systemd, version >= 197.

Sample:

The following example shows pulling structured imjournal messages and saving them into /var/log/ceelog.

module(load="imjournal" PersistStateInterval="100"
       StateFile="/path/to/file") #load imjournal module
module(load="mmjsonparse") #load mmjsonparse module for structured logs

template(name="CEETemplate" type="string" string="%TIMESTAMP% %HOSTNAME% %syslogtag% @cee: %$!all-json%\n" ) #template for messages

action(type="mmjsonparse")
action(type="omfile" file="/var/log/ceelog" template="CEETemplate")

Legacy Configuration Directives:

  • $imjournalPersistStateInterval

    Equivalent to: PersistStateInterval

  • $imjournalStateFile

    Equivalent to: StateFile

  • $imjournalRatelimitInterval

    Equivalent to: ratelimit.interval

  • $imjournalRatelimitBurst

    Equivalent to: ratelimit.burst

  • $ImjournalIgnorePreviousMessages

    Equivalent to: ignorePreviousMessages

  • $ImjournalDefaultSeverity

    Equivalent to: DefaultSeverity

  • $ImjournalDefaultFacility

    Equivalent to: DefaultFacility

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