Log rotation with rsyslog
Written by Michael Meckelein
Your environment does not allow you to store tons of logs? You have limited disc space available for logging, for example you want to log to a 124 MB RAM usb stick? Or you do not want to keep all the logs for months, logs from the last days is sufficient? Think about log rotation.
Log rotation based on a fixed log size
This small but hopefully useful article will show you the way to keep your logs at a given size. The following sample is based on rsyslog illustrating a simple but effective log rotation with a maximum size condition.
Use Output Channels for fixed-length syslog files
Lets assume you do not want to spend more than 100 MB hard disc space for you logs. With rsyslog you can configure Output Channels to achieve this. Putting the following directive
# start log rotation via outchannel # outchannel definition $outchannel log_rotation,/var/log/log_rotation.log, 52428800,/home/me/./log_rotation_script # activate the channel and log everything to it *.* :omfile:$log_rotation # end log rotation via outchannel
to ryslog.conf instruct rsyslog to log everything to the destination file '/var/log/log_rotation.log' until the give file size of 50 MB is reached. If the max file size is reached it will perform an action. In our case it executes the script /home/me/log_rotation_script which contains a single command:
mv -f /var/log/log_rotation.log /var/log/log_rotation.log.1
This moves the original log to a kind of backup log file. After the action was successfully performed rsyslog creates a new /var/log/log_rotation.log file and fill it up with new logs. So the latest logs are always in log_rotation.log.
With this approach two files for logging are used, each with a maximum size of 50 MB. So we can say we have successfully configured a log rotation which satisfies our requirement. We keep the logs at a fixed-size level of 100 MB.