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omrabbitmq: RabbitMQ output module

Module Name:omrabbitmq
Authors:Jean-Philippe Hilaire <jean-philippe.hilaire@pmu.fr> & Philippe Duveau <philippe.duveau@free.fr>

Purpose

This module sends syslog messages into RabbitMQ server. Only v6 configuration syntax is supported.

omrabbitmq is tested and is running in production with 8.x version of rsyslog.

Compile

To successfully compile omrabbitmq module you need rabbitmq-c library version >= 0.4.

./configure –enable-omrabbitmq …

Configuration Parameters

Action Parameters

host

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringyeshostname[:port][ hostname2[:port2]] 

rabbitmq server(s). See HA configuration

port

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnoport5672

virtual_host

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringyespath 

virtual message broker

user

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringyesuser 

user name

password

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringyespassword 

user password

exchange

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnoname 

exchange name

routing_key

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnoname 

value of routing key

routing_key_template

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnotemplate_name 

template used to compute the routing key

body_template

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnotemplateStdJSONFmt

template used to compute the message body. If the template is an empty string the sent message will be %rawmsg%

delivery_mode

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnoTRANSIENT|PERSISTANTTRANSIENT

persistence of the message in the broker

expiration

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnomillisecondsno expiration

ttl of the amqp message

populate_properties

typemandatoryformatdefault
binaryno off

fill timestamp, appid, msgid, hostname (custom header) with message informations

content_type

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnovalue 

content type as a MIME value

declare_exchange

typemandatoryformatdefault
binarynooff 

Rsyslog tries to declare the exchange on startup. Declaration failure (already exists with different parameters or insufficient rights) is warned but does not cancel the module instance.

recover_policy

typemandatoryformatdefault
stringnocheck_interval;short_failure_interval; short_failure_nb_max;graceful_interval60;6;3;600

See HA configuration

HA configuration

The module can use two rabbitmq server in a fail-over mode. To configure this mode, the host parameter has to reference the two rabbitmq servers separated by space. Each server can be optionally completed with the port (useful when they are different). One of the servers is chosen on startup as a preferred one. The module connects to this server with a fail-over policy which can be defined through the action parameter “recover_policy”.

The module launch a back-ground thread to monitor the connection. As soon as the connection fails, the thread retries to restablish the connection and switch to the back-up server if needed to recover the service. While connected to backup server, the thread tries to reconnect to the preferred server using a “recover_policy”. This behaviour allow to load balance the client across the two rabbitmq servers on normal conditions, switch to the running server in case of failure and rebalanced on the two server as soon as the failed server is recovered without restarting clients.

The recover policy is based on 4 parameters :

  • check_interval is the base duration between connection retries (default is 60 seconds)
  • short_failure_interval is a duration under which two successive failures are considered as abnormal for the rabbitmq server (default is check_interval/10)
  • short_failure_nb_max is the number of successive short failure are detected before to apply the graceful interval (default is 3)
  • graceful_interval is a longer duration used if the rabbitmq server is unstable (default is check_interval*10).

The short failures detection is applied in case of unstable network or server and force to switch to back-up server for at least ‘graceful-interval’ avoiding heavy load on the unstable server. This can avoid dramatic scenarios in a multisites deployment.

Examples

Example 1

This is the simplest action :

  • No High Availability
  • The routing-key is constant
  • The sent message use JSON format
module(load='omrabbitmq')
action(type="omrabbitmq"
       host="localhost"
       virtual_host="/"
       user="guest"
       password="guest"
       exchange="syslog"
       routing_key="syslog.all")

Example 2

Action characteristics :

  • No High Availability
  • The routing-key is computed
  • The sent message is a raw message
module(load='omrabbitmq')
template(name="rkTpl" type="string" string="%syslogtag%.%syslogfacility-text%.%syslogpriority-text%")

action(type="omrabbitmq"
       host="localhost"
       virtual_host="/"
       user="guest"
       password="guest"
       exchange="syslog"
       routing_key_template="rkTpl"
       template_body="")

Example 3

HA action :

  • High Availability between server1:5672 and server2:1234
  • The routing-key is computed
  • The sent message is formatted using RSYSLOG_ForwardFormat standard template
module(load='omrabbitmq')
template(name="rkTpl" type="string" string="%syslogtag%.%syslogfacility-text%.%syslogpriority-text%")

action(type="omrabbitmq"
       host="server1 server2:1234"
       virtual_host="production"
       user="guest"
       password="guest"
       exchange="syslog"
       routing_key_template="rkTpl"
       template_body="RSYSLOG_ForwardFormat")

See also

Help with configuring/using Rsyslog:

  • Mailing list - best route for general questions
  • GitHub: rsyslog source project - detailed questions, reporting issues that are believed to be bugs with Rsyslog
  • Stack Exchange (View, Ask) - experimental support from rsyslog community

See also

Contributing to Rsyslog:

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