RSyslog Documentation

imjournal: Systemd Journal Input Module

Module Name:imjournal
Author:Jiri Vymazal <> (This module is not project-supported)
Available since:7.3.11


Provides the ability to import structured log messages from systemd journal to syslog.

Note that this module reads the journal database, what is considered a relatively performance-intense operation. As such, the performance of a configuration utilizing this module may be notably slower than when using imuxsock. The journal provides imuxsock with a copy of all “classical” syslog messages, however, it does not provide structured data. Only if that structured data is needed, imjournal must be used. Otherwise, imjournal may simply be replaced by imuxsock, and we highly suggest doing so.

We suggest to check out our short presentation on rsyslog journal integration to learn more details of anticipated use cases.

Warning: Some versions of systemd journal have problems with database corruption, which leads to the journal to return the same data endlessly in a tight loop. This results in massive message duplication inside rsyslog probably resulting in a denial-of-service when the system resources get exhausted. This can be somewhat mitigated by using proper rate-limiters, but even then there are spikes of old data which are endlessly repeated. By default, ratelimiting is activated and permits to process 20,000 messages within 10 minutes, what should be well enough for most use cases. If insufficient, use the parameters described below to adjust the permitted volume. It is strongly recommended to use this plugin only if there is hard need to do so.

Notable Features

Configuration Parameters


Parameter names are case-insensitive.

Module Parameters


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

This is a global setting. It specifies how often should the journal state be persisted. The persists happens after each number-of-messages. This option is useful for rsyslog to start reading from the last journal message it read.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

This is a global setting. It specifies where the state file for persisting journal state is located. If a full path name is given (starting with “/”), that path is used. Otherwise the given name is created inside the working directory.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

Specifies the interval in seconds onto which rate-limiting is to be applied. If more than ratelimit.burst messages are read during that interval, further messages up to the end of the interval are discarded. The number of messages discarded is emitted at the end of the interval (if there were any discards).

Setting this value to 0 turns off ratelimiting.

Note that it is not recommended to turn off ratelimiting, except that you know for sure journal database entries will never be corrupted. Without ratelimiting, a corrupted systemd journal database may cause a kind of denial of service We are stressing this point as multiple users have reported us such problems with the journal database - in June of 2013 and occasionally also after this time (up until the time of this writing in January 2019).


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

Specifies the maximum number of messages that can be emitted within the ratelimit.interval interval. For further information, see description there.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

This option specifies whether imjournal should ignore messages currently in journal and read only new messages. This option is only used when there is no StateFile to avoid message loss.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

Some messages coming from journald don’t have the SYSLOG_PRIORITY field. These are typically the messages logged through journald’s native API. This option specifies the default severity for these messages. Can be given either as a name or a number. Defaults to ‘notice’.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

Some messages coming from journald don’t have the SYSLOG_FACILITY field. These are typically the messages logged through journald’s native API. This option specifies the default facility for these messages. Can be given either as a name or a number. Defaults to ‘user’.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

Retrieves the trusted systemd parameter, _PID, instead of the user systemd parameter, SYSLOG_PID, which is the default. This option override the “usepid” option. This is now deprecated. It is better to use usepid=”syslog” instead.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

Sets the PID source from journal.

imjournal retrieves SYSLOG_PID from journal as PID number.
imjournal retrieves _PID from journal as PID number.
imjournal trying to retrieve SYSLOG_PID first. When it is not available, it is also trying to retrieve _PID. When none of them is available, message is parsed without PID number.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

When a corrupted statefile is read imjournal ignores the statefile and continues with logging from the beginning of the journal (from its end if IgnorePreviousMessages is on). After PersistStateInterval or when rsyslog is stopped invalid statefile is overwritten with a new valid cursor.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

New in version 8.37.0.

Deprecated. This option was intended as temporary and has no effect now (since 8.1910.0). Left for backwards compatibility only.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

New in version 8.1908.0.

When there is a hard crash, power loss or similar abrupt end of rsyslog process, there is a risk of state file not being written to persistent storage or possibly being corrupted. This then results in imjournal starting reading elsewhere then desired and most probably message duplication. To mitigate this problem you can turn this option on which will force state file writes to persistent physical storage. Please note that fsync calls are costly, so especially with lower PersistStateInterval value, this may present considerable performance hit.


typedefaultmandatoryobsolete legacy directive

New in version 8.1910.0.

When this option is turned on, imjournal will pull not only all local journal files (default behavior), but also any journal files on machine originating from remote sources.

Statistic Counter

This plugin maintains statistics for each listener and for each worker thread. The listener statistic is named “imjournal”.

The following properties are maintained for each listener:

  • read - total number of message read from journal since startup.
  • submitted - total number of messages submitted to main queue after reading from journal for processing since startup. All records may not be submitted due to rate-limiting.
  • discarded - total number of messages that were read but not submitted to main queue due to rate-limiting.
  • failed - total number of failures to read messages from journal.
  • poll_failed - total number of journal poll failures.
  • rotations - total number of journal file rotations.
  • recovery_attempts - total number of recovery attempts by imjournal after unknown errors by closing and re-opening journal.
  • ratelimit_discarded_in_interval - number of messages discarded due to rate-limiting within configured rate-limiting interval.
  • disk_usage_bytes - total size of journal obtained from sd_journal_get_usage().

Here is an example output of corresponding imjournal impstat message, which is produced by loading imjournal with default rate-limit interval and burst and running a docker container with log-driver as journald that spews lots of logs to stdout:

Jun 13 15:02:48 rsyslogd-pstats: imjournal: origin=imjournal submitted=20000 read=216557
discarded=196557 failed=0 poll_failed=0 rotations=6 recovery_attempts=0 ratelimit_discarded_in_interval=196557

Although these counters provide insight into imjournal end message submissions to main queue as well as losses due to rate-limiting or other problems to extract messages from journal, they don’t offer full visibility into journal end issues. While these counters measure journal rotations and disk usage, they do not offer visibility into message loss due to journal rate-limiting. sd_journal_* API does not provide any visibility into messages that are discarded by the journal due to rate-limiting. Journald does emit a syslog message when log messages cannot make it into the journal due to rate-limiting:

Jun 13 15:50:32 systemd-journal[333]: Suppressed 102 messages from /system.slice/docker.service

Such messages can be processed after they are read through imjournal to get a signal for message loss due to journal end rate-limiting using a dynamic statistics counter for such log lines with a rule like this:

dyn_stats(name="journal" resettable="off")
if $programname == 'journal' and $msg contains 'Suppressed' and $msg contains 'messages from' then {
        set $.inc = dyn_inc("journal", "suppressed_count");

Caveats/Known Bugs:

  • As stated above, a corrupted systemd journal database can cause major problems, depending on what the corruption results in. This is beyond the control of the rsyslog team.
  • imjournal does not check if messages received actually originated from rsyslog itself (via omjournal or other means). Depending on configuration, this can also lead to a loop. With imuxsock, this problem does not exist.

Build Requirements:

Development headers for systemd, version >= 197.


The following example shows pulling structured imjournal messages and saving them into /var/log/ceelog.

module(load="imjournal" PersistStateInterval="100"
       StateFile="/path/to/file") #load imjournal module
module(load="mmjsonparse") #load mmjsonparse module for structured logs

template(name="CEETemplate" type="string" string="%TIMESTAMP% %HOSTNAME% %syslogtag% @cee: %$!all-json%\n" ) #template for messages

action(type="omfile" file="/var/log/ceelog" template="CEETemplate")

See also

Help with configuring/using Rsyslog:

  • Mailing list - best route for general questions
  • GitHub: rsyslog source project - detailed questions, reporting issues that are believed to be bugs with Rsyslog
  • Stack Exchange (View, Ask) - experimental support from rsyslog community

See also

Contributing to Rsyslog:

Copyright 2008-2020 Rainer Gerhards (Großrinderfeld), and Others.

Scroll to top